ANDAMAN ISLANDS - GENERAL INFORMATION

Andaman & Nicobar are a group of picturesque Islands, big and small, inhabited and uninhabited, a total of 572 islands, islets and rocks lying in the South Eastern Part of the Bay of Bengal. They lie along an arc in long and narrow broken chain, approximately North-South over a distance nearly 800 kms. . It is logical to presume a former land connection form Cape Negris at South part of Burma to Achin Head (Cape Pedro) in Andalas (Sumatra). The flora and fauna of these islands, however, indicate that this land connection if it existed, should have been prior to the development of their present life form. Discover Andaman Islands Port Blair
Distance Area

Distance by Sea (in Kms) Total Area 8249 Sq. Kms. Chennai to Port Blair 1,190

Andaman District 6408 Sq. Kms.

Calcutta to Port Blair 1,250 Nicobar District 1841 Sq. Kms.

Vishakhapatnam to Port Blair1,200
Urban Area 16.64 Sq. Kms. Distance by Air (in Kms) Rural Area Rural Area 8232 Sq.
Kms.
Chennai to Port Blair1,330
Total Islands 572

Calcutta to Port Blair1,303
Inhabited Islands 36

State Bird - Andaman Wood Pigeon ndaman Wood Pigeon is an endemic bird, which is found only in Andaman and Nicobar group of islands. This bird is of the size of a domestic pigeon with longer tail. This bird has whitish head with checkerboard pattern on neck. The upper parts are dark slate grey in colour and under parts are pale blue grey Metallic green sheen on upper side and reddish bill with yellowish tip and purplish red orbital skin are identification characters. The bird lives in dense broadleaved evergreen forest.

State Animal - Dugong

Dugong, an endangered marine mammal, also known as Sea Cow, is only strictly marine mammal, which is herbivorous. It mainly feeds on sea-grass and other aquatic vegetation. Dugong is distributed in shallow tropical waters in Indo-Pacific Region. The animal is about three-meter length and weighs about 400 kg. In India Dugong is reported from Gulf of Kutch, Gulf of Mannar, Palk Bay and Andaman & Nicobar Islands. Within A&N Islands Dugong has been reported from Ritchie”s Archipelago, North Reef, Little Andaman and parts of Nicobars.

State Tree - Andaman Padauk

Andaman Padauk is a tall deciduous tree found only in Andaman. It grows upto height of 120 feet. The timber is highly prized for making furniture. Burr and Buttress formation add charm to the tree and used in making unique furniture.

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